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Safeguard OSH Solutions - Thomson Reuters

Safeguard OSH Solutions - Thomson Reuters



Safeguard

Pensions and annuities
ACC Code of Claimants' RightsCode of ACC Claimants' Rights
Funeral grantIndependence allowanceSurvivor's grantEarnings related compensationLump sum
Capacity for workVocational independence
AdministrationFunding
Entitlement
Conviction for murderDuring imprisonmentWilfully self-inflicted injuries and suicide
Mental injury caused by criminal acts
Treatment injury
Gradual process, disease, or infection
Pregnancy and birth
Clinical trialExclusionsSubsequent personal injury
AccidentMental injuryPersonal injury by accidentTreatment injury (formerly Medical misadventure)
Appeals against decisionsReview of decisionsPreventative schemes
Law reformRelationship to tortRight to compensation
Reporting and information sharing
PlansSocial rehabilitationTreatmentVocational rehabilitation
DamagesStatutory bar
Registrar
District CourtEmployment CourtFamily CourtHigh Court
Jurisdiction
Open Court
ConfidentialityDischargeMisconductSelectionLegal aid
Disputes Tribunal
Administrative bodiesAdministrative decisions
International human rights lawTreaty of Waitangi
Sub-delegated legislation
Cross examinationCross- examinationDuty of disclosure
RepugnancyUncertaintyDisproportionality
Abuse of discretionary powerFailure to exercise discretionary power
Error of factError of lawImproper purposeRelevant/irrelevant considerations
Rule against biasExclusion of rules of natural justiceInconsistencyRight of party affected to be heardRule against biasSubstantive unfairness
Substantive unfairnessRelevant/irrelevant considerationsRepugnancyUncertaintyUnreasonableness
Judicature Amendment Act 1972
Bodies amenable to reviewOuster clauses
Judicial activismJusticabilityPrinciplesProcedural fairness
Locus standiRelator actionStay of proceedingsRelator action
Declaration
Severance of ultra vires provisions
Anticipated legislationHabeas corpusInjunctionMonetary compensationOuster clausesPrerogative writs
Assignment
Clauses
OralWritten
DelayDisputesPartiesProcedureValidity
Time limitFailure to appointNotification
DefaultSubstitute
MisconductObligations
Equal treatment of parties and fairness
Grounds
BasisCostsFeesInterim paymentLien over awardOverpayment
Appointment of expertsAward of interestImmunityJurisdictionPower to order interim measuresRemedies
Consolidation of proceedings
AppealCorrectionCostsDeclaratory award
By actionEntry of award as judgmentLimitationFormInterim awardInterpretationIssuesReasons for awardReview
GroundsJurisdictionTime limit
International arbitration
AMINZ Appeal Tribunal
CompositionConfidentiality
Jurisdiction
On the papersOral
UNCITRAL Model Law
DelayNotice of proceeding
Equal treatmentPrivacy
ConferencesConsolidation
Grounds for refusalInjunction or declarationPartiesSummary judgment
ACC mediationAgreement to mediateCommercial mediationEmployment mediationEnvironmental mediationFamily Dispute Resolution
InternationalNew ZealandHuman rights mediationMediation advocates
Mediation clauses in contractsMediation clauses in legislation
Agreement to mediateMediation sessionPost-mediationPre-mediation
Online mediation
EvaluativeFacilitativeNarrativeSettlementTransformative or therapeutic
Liability and immunity
Facilitating communicationFacilitating negotiations or problem-solvingProviding and managing mediation process
PartiesProfessional organisations
Codes of ethics, conduct and practice standardsConfidentialityNeutrality and impartiality
Government publications and reportsGovernment publications/reportsJournal articles
BreachEnforcement
Tenancy mediation
ConciliationCross-culturalFacilitationInterest-Based Negotiation
Co-mediationMultiparty mediationShuttle mediationTelephone mediationWeathertight homes mediation
Auxiliary officersAuxiliary officersLiabilityObstruction and impersonationPolice
Mitigation and prevention of sufferingPower of entryPower to inspect animalsTake possession of animalsUse of forceRoyal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RNZSPCA)Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Inc (SPCA)
Ministry for Primary Industries
Animal welfare export certificateExport of livestock for slaughter
National Animal Ethics Advisory CommitteeNational Animal Welfare Advisory Committee
Five FreedomsInspection
Alleviate pain or distressEnsure physical, health, and behavioural needs are met
Freedom from discomfortFreedom from fear and distressFreedom from pain, injury and diseaseFreedom from thirstFreedom to express normal behaviourObligation to alleviate pain or distressObligation to ensure physical, health, and behavioural needs are metObligation to treat injury or illnessOffencesTreat injury or illness
Safari parks
Controlled surgical proceduresNon-significant surgical proceduresOffencesProhibited surgical proceduresRestricted surgical proceduresSignificant surgical procedures
DomesticInternational
Minimum standards
Animal fighting ventures
Ill-treatment simpliciterReckless ill-treatmentWilful ill-treatmentInspection of trapsPenaltiesPhilosophical and religious underpinningsTraps and devices
Act or omission necessary for the preservation, protection, or maintenance of human lifeAll reasonable steps taken to complyMinimum standards equalled or exceededMinimum standards established by code of welfare were equalled or exceededEnforcement orders
Aiding an act resulting in animal sufferingDesertion
Failure to alleviate pain or distress of ill or injured animalsFailure to provide adequate shelterFailure to provide opportunity for animal to display normal patterns of behaviourFailure to provide protection from, and rapid diagnosis of, significant injury or diseaseFailure to provide sufficient foodFailure to provide sufficient waterKeeping alive or selling suffering animalKilling in a manner that causes unreasonable or unnecessary pain or distress
Regulations
Definition
Destruction orderDisposal
Attack
DangerousMenacingProhibited
BarkingDog at largeDogs at largeInfringement offences
Service
PowersTerritorial authorities
As means of defence or to stop attackDestruction orderDisability assistDisease
Retention
AttackDog at large in vicinity of wildlifeDogs at large in vicinity of wildlifeFailure to provide proper care and attentionRushing at persons, animals or vehiclesSerious attackUnmuzzled dogWorrying stock and poultry
Change of ownershipDisqualifiedLiabilityProbationaryRequirementsPoliceRegistrationSeizureSerious attack
BreedingCodes of welfareCompanion animalsKennels and catteriesPet shops
Legislation
CattleDeerPigsPoultrySheepCommercial slaughterHomekillMinimum standards
LegislationOrganisationsTreaties and conventions
Bodies corporateCrown ownershipLiability
CircusFilm and televisionRacingRodeo
Bodies corporateLiability
Bodies corporateLiability
CriminalMorality
Animal welfareEndangered speciesGreat apesHunting and fishing
GovernmentalNon-governmental
Marine Mammal Officer
Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA)Zoos, animal parks and aquariumsZoos, animals parks and aquariums
Animal patents
Animal Ethics CommitteesCodes of ethical conductIndependent reviewMinister's powersPrinciples
Assessment
Trespass rates
Right to destroy trespassing animals
PoundkeepersPublic pounds
Code of conductMedicines
ConservationControl
Appeal against rulingBail pending appealConvictionProcedureRoyal prerogative of mercySentenceSpecial references
BailMilitary members
EvidenceRight to representationTrial judge
ProcedureDirector of Military Prosecutions
Court Martial Appeal CourtCourt Martial of New ZealandPersons subject
InsaneOffences
Armed Forces Discipline CommitteeReconsidering Authority
Regulation
Credit
Powers and dutiesRegulation
Socially responsible investment
InstitutionsTerms of credit
Property
No asset procedureProposals and compositionsSummary instalment orders
Acts of bankruptcyCreditor application for adjudication
Joint applicationsStatement of affairs
Advertisement of adjudicationCreditors meetingCreditors meetingsHalting proceedings to recover certain debts
Ex parte James ruleJoint family homesLawyer's costs
Completed execution or attachmentUncompleted execution or attachmentProperty devolving under a will or intestacyProvision for bankrupt
Occupational or workplace schemesPersonal superannuation schemes
Anti-deprivation rule
Defective noticeRequirements and form of noticeDeath of bankruptHalting proceedings to recover certain debts
Maori Land Court
Power to disclaim onerous property
Registrar must notify Official Assignee
Pari Passu rule
Ex parte James ruleJoint family homesLawyer's costs
Completed execution or attachmentUncompleted execution or attachmentProperty devolving under a will or intestacyProvision for bankrupt
Occupational or workplace schemesPersonal superannuation schemes
Anti-deprivation rule
Maori Land Court
Power to disclaim onerous property
CreditorsProceedingsSecured creditorsTransactions
Compromises with creditorsPrioritiesProofSet-off
Annulment
Claims for uncertain amountsDebts that are not provable
Pari Passu rulePreferential claims
Set offRemaining surplus to bankrupt
Payment of undistributed money to the Public Trust
Agreements to defeat creditorsBankrupt's contribution to another person's propertyInsolvent chargesInsolvent giftsLimits on recovery
Automatic cancellationCancellation by court orderNotice of cancellationTransactions at undervalue
Personal claimsProprietary claims
Application to administer insolvent deceased estateDuties of administratorDuties of registrar
Administrator may cancel an executionAdministrator may set aside irregular transactionsDistribution of estateEstate vests in appointeePayment of surplusProcedure for administration by Public Trust or Maori TrusteeSurviving spouse's entitlements
Creditor interestsCreditors' remedies
Defects in proceedingsExtend time limitsOrder supending adjudication pending appealReal nature of transactionsRehearings and appeals
Government
Detterence
Exclusion of evidence
Electoral rightsFreedom of associationFreedom of expressionFreedom of movementFreedom of peaceful assemblyInconsistency
Competing rightsJustified limitations
Freedom from discrimination
Refusal of medical treatmentTorture or cruel treatment
Liberty of personMinimum standards of criminal procedureRetroactive penalties and double jeopardyRight to justiceRights of persons arrested or detained
Reasonableness
Consent
Building Act 2004Building CodeSchedules
Compliance certificate
Leaky buildingsInspection
National Building CodeNotice to fix
BarriersFireHazardsMeasures
Access
DemolitionEarthquake proneInsanitarySafety measures
Advancement of educationAdvancement of religionBeneficial to community
Poor, aged and impotentReliefPublic benefitRelief of poverty
Powers and functions
TaxationFundraisingHistory
Ancillary
Ancillary pupose
Public and inclusiveRegister
BenefitsRegulation
Charitable trustsIncorporated societies
GroundsJurisdiction
Court of AppealPrinciplesQuestion of law
Appearance
Full disclosureFor account or inquiry
Without noticeOriginatingReviewTo strike out
Ability to payAgreementApplication
Discontinued proceedingsJudicial discretion
Interlocutory proceedingsDisbursementsIn advanceIncreasedIndemnityInterestNon-partiesRecoveryReducedScaleSecurity for costsSolicitor/clientThird parties
Courts of recordDefinition
Case management
Abuse of processOpen Court
CivilDistict CourtDistrict CourtsHigh CourtSupreme CourtTribunals
DiscoveryFiling
AffidavitsLanguage
Outside jurisdiction
CommencementDirectionsFixture
Accounts and inquiriesJury trialPre-trial conferenceTimetabling
InterimInterlocutoryMarevaPermanentPreservation orderQuia timetVariation
AppointmentAvailabilityImmunity from proceedingsPower to control proceedingsPrecedentRemoval
Actions on judgmentsDefault
InterrogatoriesEffectEstoppelExecutionForeignInterestOn admissionsSatisfaction and set-offSealingStayVerdict
Procedure
Basis
Court of AppealDistrict CourtHigh CourtOusterForum conveniensInherent
CostsLitigation funding
AncillaryArrest of defendantChargingDeclaratoryExecution
AssetsThird partiesInterimInterim payment
Property or fundRestrainingSearchSuppressionUndertakingsVariation
AppearanceCapacityDefendantsJoiningPlaintiffs
Litigation guardianSelf-representationStandingSubstitutionThird party
AdmissionAmendmentCause of actionCounterclaimDefamationFormHypotheticalObjectionParticularsSet-offStatement of defenceStriking out
Finality
Abuse of processAssignmentCase statedClass actionCommencementConsolidationContempt of CourtDiscontinuanceInterpleaderInterventionLanguageNonsuitNoticePublicationRelatorRemovalRepresentative actionRes judicataStaySubdivisionWant of prosecutionRemedies
Calderbank lettersPayment into CourtSummary judgment
ComputationExtension
Discoverability
Fiduciary dutiesReal estate agentsScope
RemediesCompetition
Disclosure of assignments
Consumer guarantees
OppressionFair trading
Liability of guarantorPersonal guarantees
Business interruptionDebtsMortgagees' interest
Character merchandising
International trade
Overseas investment
GuaranteeRedemptionUnconscionable bargain
Acceptable quality
Appearance of agreementCapacityConditional contracts
Price of goodsSubject of the contractTransfer of goodsFormalitiesIntention to create legal relationsSubject of the contract
Contracting outDescription of goodsFitness for purpose
Non-deliveryOwnership of propertyPassing of propertyRejection of goodsNon-deliveryOwnership of propertyPassing of propertyRejection of goodsRescissionReservation of title clausesSale by descriptionSale by sampleTitleUnascertained goods
PrioritySecurity interest
InterceptionInternet
Liability
Interception of communicationsOffences
EffectLegitimacyContractsCreationIncorporation
Appointment of managersDuties of managersRemoval of managersRights of managersNaturePowersRegistrationRegulation
Duties of shareholdersLiabilities of shareholdersRights of shareholders
Company constitutions (formerly Articles of association)ContractsExternal litigationNamesPowers
Agricultural and pastoral societiesBuilding societiesCharitable societiesCharitable trusts
Credit UnionsFriendly societiesIncorporated societiesIndustrial and provident societiesLicensed insurersNature of a company
Capital
Floating chargesFinancial Markets Authority (formerly Securities Commission)
Equity securities
Allotment and issueCallsCharacterClasses of shares and shareholdersDividendsTransfer
Corporate residency
Name of companyPromotionRegistration
Voidable transactions
Accounts and audit
AppointmentDisqualificationDutiesFiduciary dutiesInterests
CivilCriminalPersonal
Ultra viresRemovalRemunerationResignationRetirementRights
External regulationFinancial reportingInspection of recordsInterests registerLodgement of returnsMeetings
DutiesLiabilitiesRightsShareholders' meetings
AdministratorAppointmentDeed of arrangement
By CourtDuties and liabilitiesPowers
Derivative actions
Functions of Financial Markets Authority (formerly Securities Commission)
Liability of directors
Financial Markets AuthorityFinancial Markets Authority (formerly Securities Commission)New Zealand Stock ExchangeStatutory Management
Amalgamation
AnnouncementOffer
Appointment of administrator
Actions to Swell the Pool of AssetsEffectGrounds
Application for directionsDissolutionMeetings of creditorsProceedings by or against companyProof and ranking of claimsTrust assetsLiquidation
AppointmentDutiesMeetingsMembershipPowersVacancies
AppointmentCompletion of liquidationDuties and liabilitiesQualificationRemovalRemunerationReports, Books, Accounts, Audit
Control and custody of company assetsDistribution of assetsVacancy
Resolutions
Early constitutions
Representation of the people
Freedom from arrest
AdherenceCharacteristicsCodificationEstablishmentIdentificationMinisterial responsibility
FoundationsLimitations
EntrenchmentStruggle for supremacyTensions between courts and parliament
Access to CrownAdministration of justice
ProceduresFreedom of speechJurisdictional clash between courts and parliamentParliamentary privilegePenal powersRight to favourable constructionRight to judge own proceedingsRight to regulate own compositionStatutory basis
Relationship with the lawRetrospectivity
British historical experienceCivil disobedienceConceptsConflict with welfare state concept
ApplicationsMarxist critiqueMinority rightsSupranational concept
Separation of powersTypesWestminster convention
Constitutional reviewsDevolution form BritainDevolution from BritainEarly constitutionsFrom colony to dominiumInfluencesInheritance and innovationRepresentative governmentResponsible government
Mixed member proportional representation (MMP)
Acquisition of sovereigntyFrom discovery to colonyImperium and dominion
Absorption
Cabinet
Determinate personaIndeterminate personaDelegated legislative powerExecutive CouncilGovernor-GeneralHead of StatePublic service
Appointments processCommon lawComplaints processCourt systemIndependenceJudicial independenceJudicial powerJudicial supremacyJurisdiction
Ad hominem legislationDelegated legislationManner and form requirements
Extra-territorial legislationValidity
Principle of non-interferenceValidity
Regulations Review Committee
Appointment of the Prime MinisterDoctrine of necessityForcing a dissolution of parliamentMisleading usageRecourse of last resortReformsRefusal of a request for dissolutionRefusing the royal assentResignation of the Prime MinisterRoyal powers
ClassesJudicial review
Letters patentPrerogative of mercy
Seal of New Zealand
Government Communications Security BureauNew Zealand Security Intelligence Service
ChargesReview of decisionsWithholding information
Procedure
Control and scrutinyDefining parliamentLegislationMembers' pecuniary interestsNatural justice procedures
AppointmentAttorney-GeneralChief Parliamentary CounselClerk of the House of RepresentativesController and Auditor-General (Auditor-General)Parliamentary Commissioner for the EnvironmentSerjeant-at-ArmsSolicitor-GeneralStatus
Office of the Clerk of the House of RepresentativesParliamentary Counsel OfficeParliamentary Service
RulesProviding and determining governmentRepresentation of the peopleTaxation and public expenditureUnicameralismWestminster parliament origins
ReferendaSources
Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 1986Citizens Initiated Referenda Act 1993Constitution Act 1986Crown Proceedings Act 1950Electoral Act 1956Electoral Act 1993Human Rights Act 1993Legislature Act 1908New Zealand Bill of Rights 1990New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990New Zealand Constitution Act 1852New Zealand Constitution Act 1952New Zealand Constitution Amendment Act 1857Official Information Act 1982Ombudsmen Act 1975Public Audit Act 2001Public Finance Act 1989Royal Powers Act 1983Royal Titles Act 1974Seal of New Zealand Act 1977Statute of Westminster 1931 (UK)
DiceyHartKelsenLocke
Status
Accord and satisfaction
Unincorporated associations
Determination
QuantumPromissory estoppelRectificationRescissionSpecific performance
DuressFraudMisrepresentationMistakeUndue influenceFraudMisrepresentationMistake
Part performance
Incorporation into contractOrdinary and natural meaningExclusionary provisionsExemption clausesExpress termsImplied termsIntention of partiesPenalties and liquidated damagesRestraint of trade clausesWarranties
Novation
AffirmationIntention
AdequacyBills of exchangePremiums
Terms
Tenders
Breach of public policyEffectRemedies
Severability
AgencyCapacityJointMinorsPrivityThird partiesThird-parties
Contributory negligenceFailurePartial
CancellationDefinitionEffect
Anticipatory breachDelayFrustrationMisrepresentationMistakeRepudiationRescission
DefinitionsDistinctions
Prisoners' rightsName suppression
Compliance monitoringGPS monitoringResidential restrictionsStandard release conditionsVariation
Early considerationPre-commencement date sentence
Legislation
Compassionate releaseFunctionsGuiding principles
Waiver
Availability to offendersConfidentiality ordersMedia involvementNoticeProcedureStructured decision-makingVideo conference
Availability to offendersConfidentiality ordersMembersPostponement ordersProceduresReview of decisionStructure
AppealReviewReview by the Parole Board
RecidivismRehabilitation
ProcedureInterim recall order
AppealsReintegration
Release planRevocation or amendmentUndue riskRelease planSupervision
Procedure
Information and noticeSubmissionsVictim Notification Register (VNR)
Information and notice
Support persons
Public protection order
Victim impactCosts ordersDeterrence
With convictionWithout convictionDisputed factsDiversion
Eligibility
Notice for special conditionsReviewSuspensionVariation or discharge
IndicationLife sentenceMental disorderMinimum period of imprisonmentMitigating factors
AssessmentPolicyPre-sentence reportPreventive detentionPrinciplesProcedureReparationReportsRestorative justiceSeverityShort-term sentence
Eligibility
Notice for special conditionsReviewSuspensionVariation or discharge
Totality principle
Alternative action/diversionInternational instruments
Safeguards
Citizen's arrest
Exercise of discretion
ApplicationBondsConditionsElectronic monitoringPrinciples
Appeals
AggravatedExemplaryQuantumInjunction
Award
Absence of faultAutomatismAutrefois acquitAutrefois convictBattered woman's syndromeClaim of rightCompulsionConsentDefence of propertyDuressHonest beliefImpossibilityInfancyInsanityIntoxicationJustificationMistakeNecessityParental controlProvocationSelf-defenceDefinition
Procedure
Contents of case filesDatabases of drug seizures
Documents available
Suspect under 17
Information recording
Chain of custodyPackagingPoliceReporting results
Destruction of itemsPackaging drug seizures
Accessing computer systemsCovertInterception of communications
Warrant
Legal aid
CausationOmissions
Common intentionStrict
ForfeitureInterception warrantsSupply
Absolute liabilityAccessory after the factAgainst administration of justiceAiding or abetting
AggravatedMale assaults femaleOn a childAttemptBatteryBurglaryCategoryCausing disease or sickness in animals
Halfway-houseStatus (regulatory) offencesWilful offencesWithout reasonable excuseComputersConspiracyContempt of courtConversion
Trade marksCriminal breach of trustCriminal nuisanceCulpable homicide
Duty to have and use reasonable knowledge, skill and careDefamation
Actus reusConcurrence
IntentKnowledge
Mistake of factMistake of lawNegligenceRecklessnessWilfulness
Failure to protect child or vulnerable adult
To vulnerable adultFemale genital mutilation
Distributing document generated by deceptionObtaining by deceptionSocial welfareUsing document with intent to obtain pecuniary advantageGrievous bodily harmHarassmentInfantcideInfanticide
Aggravated wounding or injuryBy unlawful actWith intent to injureInterception devicesKilling unborn childMaking intimate visual recordingManslaughterMoney launderingMurder
Breach of order
To child under 16To vulnerable adultParticipation in organised criminal group
IncitingInnocent
ReceivingReckless ill-treatment of an animalRecklessnessSetting traps
Inducing by coercion
ConsentHistoricalIncest
With child under 12With young person under 16Indecent assaultIndecent publicationsMeeting young person following sexual groomingRape
ConsentGenuine medical purposesWith child under 12With dependent family memberWith young person under 16Sexual exploitation of person with significant impairment
Attempts
BestialityIndecency
Strict liabilitySuicide
Biological
Of animals
To cause grievous bodily harmTo killTrade mark infringementTrespassVicarious liabilityWilful ill-treatment of an animalWoundingWrongful communication, retention, or copying of official information
Harm principle
ExceptionsOffence principle
Forfeiture orderRestraining orderSearch warrant
Animal welfareCopyright infringementDog controlPatent infringementVictim compensation
Status of young people
Alternative action/diversion'Children'
ParticipantsPlanProcedureStatutory functionVenueMinimum age'Young persons'
EffectsImprisonmentPre-trial custodyPurposeSupervision with residence orderElection
UN Convention on the Rights of the ChildUN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules)
ArrestCollection and storage of identifying particulars
Explanation of rightsLegal assistanceNominated personSafeguards
Law reformMaori perspectivePolicy
Doli incapax
DeclarationPolice referralHomicideSafeguards
or persistent offendingSerious and/or persistent offending
JudgeOrdersPasifika CourtRangatahi CourtSanctionsYouth Advocate
Abuse of process
Re-trialAdjournment
AbandonmentDetermination
Error
Appeal out of timeCourt of AppealSolicitor-General's referenceSupreme CourtMiscarriage of justicePetition for mercy
FinalityRight to appeal
Costs orderRelated appealsSubmissions
By prosecutionRoyal prerogative of mercy
Compensation
DisclosureSentence indications
AmendmentDismissalSubstitution
ServiceDischargeDisclosure
Location of hearing
ReasonsRecall
Majority
Court of AppealCriminalDistrict CourtHigh CourtSupreme CourtTerritorialityTribunalsYouth CourtLimitation period
Application to vacate guilty pleaFitness to pleadPreliminary hearingPretrial application
Restorative justice
DutiesReformSearch of Court recordsSeveranceStay of proceedingsSummary proceedingsSumming-upSummonsTransfer of proceedings
Absence
Grounds of insanity
New evidenceRe-trial
ConvictionCourtroom filmingDefence conductFair trialFitnessInterpreter assistanceJoinderJudge-alone
CalloverMisdirectionProsecution conductRemote participationRepresentationRetrialUnfit to stand trial
Role in proceedings
Prohibited
AssignmentDurationSecurity bond
Forfeiture
Availability
Student loans
Counselling
Privacy
Appointment
Scope of employment
Inducement
BargainingContract for servicesGood faithRestraint of trade clauseTerms and conditions
Human Rights Act 1993Sexual harassment
Alternative dispute resolutionConciliators
Compliance with settlement termsCostsMediated settlement agreementPrivate mediationProcess
Breach
BargainingGood faithImplied termsInterpretationNegotiationRestraint of tradeTermination
Confidential informationDuty of fidelityEmployee
IdentityIndependent contractors
CopyrightPrivacy
All practicable stepsAt workAuthorisation
OffencesExemptionsHazard
Enforceable undertakings
Medical examination of workersPower of entry and inspectionPower to suspend workImprovement and non-disturbance noticesInvestigations
Enforceable undertakingsImprovement and non-disturbance notices
Offences
Fines
Aircraft or ship
CostsFinesReparationSentencing
Offences
AsbestosMining sectorOffences and penaltiesOil and gas
Duty of workersDuty to engage with workers
Failure to comply with health and safety duty exposing a person to risk of death or serious injury
Failure to comply with health and safety duty exposing a person to risk of death or serious injuryReckless conduct in respect of health and safety duty exposing a person to risk of death or serious injuryReckless conduct in respect of health and safety duty exposing a person to risk of death or serious injury/illnessReckless conduct in respect of health and safety duty exposing a person to risk of death or serious
FarmingGood Governance Practices Guidelines
Due diligenceDuty to volunteersManagement or control of fixtures, fittings or plantManagement or control of workplace
Due DiligenceReasonably practicable testPCBUs that design plants, substances or structuresPCBUs that import plant, substances or structuresPCBUs that install, construct or commission plant or structuresPCBUs that manufacture plant, substances or structuresPCBUs that supply plant, substances or structures
Duty-holder review
Findings and recommendationLegal privilege
Worker accommodation
Record-keeping of ?notifiable events?Duty to preserve sitesDuty to volunteers
Training
Codes of practiceFunctionsGuidelinesPowers
Employment Relations AuthorityKiwiSaver
Public holidaysParental leave
BullyingCompensation
AgeDuressProceduresSexual harassmentUnjustified dismissal
Proceedings
DamagesReinstatement
Discretionary remunerationSuperannuation
Health and safety committeesRepresentative powersUnions and bargaining agents
DefinedEssential industry or servicesLegality
Drugs
CompulsorySerious misconductSummary dismissal
Unlawful meansUnlawful purposeInterference with contractual relations by unlawful meansLockoutStrikeUnlawful interference with economic relations
Conduct away from the workplace
Ozone protectionQuality
AdaptationGreenhouse gas emissions
New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS)New Zealand Emissions Unit Registry
AntarcticaConcessions
MiningConservation boardsDepartment of ConservationEcosystemsForeshore and seabedHistoric placesLakes and riversManagement planningMarginal stripsNational parksNew Zealand Conservation AuthorityPest managementPolicies, strategies and plansQueen Elizabeth II National TrustRefugesReservesSanctuariesSoilSpecially protected areas
Protected plants and animalsSports, fish, and game councilsStewardship areasTourism
Economic incentivesEndangered species
Fossil fuelsRenewable sourcesEnvironmental ethics
Environmental Protection AuthorityMinistry for the EnvironmentNew Zealand Fish and Game CouncilCompliance and enforcement
Domestic
Earth CharterKyoto ProtocolParis AgreementRio DeclarationUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate ChangeLaw reformNational environmental standards
Public Trust doctrineTreaty of Waitangi
Environmental Defence SocietyNon-governmental organisationsRoyal Forest and Bird Protection Society
Environment CourtHigh Court
National policy statementsRegional policy statements
National reporting
IndigenousHazardous substances
Use
Access to natural resourcesCustomary interests, rights and valuesCustomary use
FishMarine mammalsRangersMinerals
AdministrationConservation management strategiesDog controlWilderness areasNew organisms
FunctionsPollution
Intergenerational equityPrivate v public interest
Sustainable development
Right to clean environmentTransportWaste
Exclusive economic zoneJurisdictional boundariesPollution
FishMarine mammalsRangers
Boundaries and governance
Sustainable management
Oil spillsQuality
AssignmentCharges and liens
Obligation of confidenceQuality of confidenceUnauthorised use of information
Information in public domainOverriding public interestRelationship of confidenceUnconscionability
Damages
AcquiescenceChange of positionClean handsDelayIllegalityLachesSet-offUndue hardship
Belief or expectationDetriment
By conventionRepresentationSilence
Breach
Informed consent to actContracting outNo profit principleTests
Relief against forfeitureFraudInterestsMistake
ContractsEnforcementLand
Interpretation
Clean handsEquality is equityNo assistance to volunteersRelationship with common lawRelationships
CalculationConstructive trust
Adequacy
Compensatory damagesSubstitutionary damages
Equitable compensationEquitable liens
Reliance-based remedy
AssetsThird parties
Breach
Hardship
Overall justice of caseInjunction on terms
MandatoryPerpetualQuia timet injunctionsSearch ordersSearch orders (formerly Anton Piller orders)UndertakingsVariation
MarshallingRectificationRescission
Disgorgement
Proprietary
Real possibility of destruction of materialSerious damageStrong prima facie caseUse of materialSpecific performanceSubrogation
DefencesEntitlement to tracePrinciples
Special disadvantageUnconscionable advantage-taking
Actual undue influence
Informed and independent adviceRelationship of trust and confidencePresumed undue influence
Third party recipients
Holding a view
HearsayNew evidence in re-trial
Self incriminationProbativeSavings provisions
Chronic
RecidivistNon-drink driving
Chronic
Blackouts and amnesiaInformation obtained
HospitalBreathCalculationsPost-mortem
Timeline of events
DNAHairsMedical examination kits
BloodSalivaSemen and its components
BloodSalivaSemen and its components
Condoms and lubricantsTransfer and persistence
Blood stainsBloodstains
Sexual assault
Blood samples
Case types
QualificationsDifficulties in court settingExamining glassExamining vehiclesGathering scene dataHuman factorsIssuesRelevant legislationScene examinationToolsVideoing scenes and locations
Criminal disclosure
Case typesFabricPhysical fits
Duty of disclosureInspection of documents
AnswersNoticeOrder
Grounds for resisting productionPublic interest immunity
Age and origin of documents and inkAlterationsCase typesCurrent issuesDocument examinersPhysical features in documentsQualifications and experience of examinersQuestioned document examinationTypewritten and printed documentsWith fingerprint examination and DNA analysis
AffidavitsAgreed statement of factsWritten briefs
Case typesDocument examiners
SamplesPhysical features in documentsQuestioned document examinationTypewritten and printed documents
Case types
AnthropologyArchaeologyBotanyDiatomsEntomologyGeology and soilsHydrologyPalynologyPedology and edaphology
Time since deathRadioisotope analysisScene and evidence preservation
BiasCode of conductDuty to court
ErrorIncomplete or altered
Evaluative interpretations and opinionFactual or technical reportingIntelligence reportingInvestigative opinions
LimitsQualifications
Understandable to lay audienceScene investigators
ForensicMedicalMental healthScene investigators
Case reviewCase typesFact versus opinionFingerprint examiner
Age of recorded printCollection, receipt and continuityDNA and fingerprintsMethod of examinationRecoveryVisualisation, preservation and recording
Qualifications and experience of investigatorsExplosives
Method of investigationOrigin and cause of fireScene investigation
Qualifications and experience of investigatorsQualifications and experience of investigators
Signatures
Accuracy of imagesAudio footageAuthenticationCase types and case assistanceChain of custodyExpertsFacial and body comparisonsFacial and body comparisons in courtPhotographsProcessing techniquesStandards and reportingStorage times of dataTranscripts and video interviews
CCTV
Case typesFabricFirearmsFootwearPlastic bags and food wrapTools
Bite marksCase typesEar printsFabricFirearmsFootwearPhysical fitsPlastic bags and food wrapScene examinationTools
Sexual assault and sexual abuse
Cause of death
Recording injuriesNon-accidental injury in childrenSample testingTime since death
Forensic pathologistForensic pathologyInjuriesMedical personnelSexual assault and sexual abuse
Case types
CannabisHeroinMethamphetamineSynthetic drugs and compoundsIdentification of drugIdentification of drugs
Mode
Cross-examinationPrinciples
Communication to medical practitioner
Reversal
Balance of probabilitiesBeyond reasonable doubt
Duties
Assessing investigative processAssessment of capacityChildren, adolescents and other vulnerable witnessesCounter-intuitive evidenceInstructing a psychologist or psychiatristMemoryRelevanceReliability
Real possibility of destruction of materialSerious damageStrong prima facie caseUse of material
ParticipantThird partyVideoInterception of communicationsTracking devices
Drug interactions
Accidental contamination
DatabasesIdentification of crime stains for DNA analysisIts use in investigating crimeMethods of analysisMixed profilesRecovery, transfer and persistenceReference samplesSamples that can be analysedTime required to generate profileOther bodily fluids
Case typesCollectionExamination procedures
Condoms and lubricantsFibresGlassPaint and surface coatingsPersistenceQualifications and experience of experts
Primary transferSecondary transferTertiary and subsequent transfer
AnonymityBriefsBriefs of evidenceCreditabilityCross-examinationFailure to appearFormal statements
Medical treatmentFamily Dispute ResolutionWelfare and best interests of the childWishes of child
Child support
Investigation of ill-treatment or neglectConfidentialityFamily group conference
Family CourtYouth CourtPolice powersPress reportingYouth advocate
Criminal law
Contributions to propertyEquitable reliefJoint ownership
Common intentionReasonable expectations
Protection orderFamily proceedings
Best interests of the child
High Court
Minors
BankruptcyJoint family homePre-nuptial agreement
DispositionEffect of taxationOwnership or titleRelationship of short duration
Intention of parties
Unborn child
Medical treatment
BailFamily group conference recommendationsJurisdictionName suppressionProcedureRights of accusedSentencing
Licence conditionsRecovery of improperly paid net proceeds
Certificates of approval
ExpiryRenewalSuitability requirements
Class 1 gamblingClass 2 gambling
Class 3 licence applicant suitability
Gaming machine number limits
Costs
Authorised purposeGrant conditionsRacing grantsKey personsTerritorial authority consentVenue payments
Territorial authority consent
Age restrictionCreditDuty to provide ongoing assistanceExclusion ordersHarm minimisation policyMachine information displayProblem gambling awareness trainingProblem gambling informationRestriction on casino brandingRestriction on jackpot advertisingSignageStake and prize limitsHarm minimization requirementsLicence
Game of chanceHousieInstant gamePrize competition
Online gamblingOverseas gamblingSales promotion schemesSpot prizes
Gambling Commission
Club membership drawsPrizesSales promotion schemes
Advertising overseas gamblingAge restriction violationConducting remote interactive gamblingIllegal game of chanceIllegal prizesProhibited publicationsProhibition on improper conditions
New Zealand Racing BoardRace clubsTAB New Zealand
Territorial authority consentRace clubs
Territorial authority consent
Totalisator Agency Board
Alcoholism and drug addiction
ComplaintsRemedies
Provider
Complementary and alternative medicineComplianceLiabilityReview
ComplaintDignity and independenceFully informed
CompetenceStandard of careTeaching and research
Breach
Burial and cremation
Assessment
InquiryPost-mortem examinationsReformRole
Brain-stem deathPersistent vegetative state/post-coma unresponsiveness
Culpability
Causation
OffencesPreparationStandards
Apprehension and detentionCompulsory assessment processJustification of necessityReview proceduresRights of family or whanauRights of the patient
Consent
Transfer procedure
Pre-trial remandReviewInvoluntary treatment or care
DispositionReview
Definition and assessmentSpecial and compulsory careMentally impaired persons
Appeals
InvestigationMediation conferencesRole
Assessment
Duty to inform
AppealsGrounds for disciplinePenalties
Burden and standard of proofDirector of ProceedingsProfessional Conduct CommitteeProfessional standardsPurpose
ConstitutionObligations and liabilitiesPowers and functionsInfectious diseasesPublic
Duties of persons collecting or using human tissueInformed consentInformed objectionMinorsOverriding objectionDefinition
Legal statusPurposeReformScope
Definition
Detention and isolationNotification
Clinical practice guidelines
Enduring power of attorneyInformed consent
CapacityMinorsRight to refuse medical treatment
Justifications
Common law dutiesGross negligenceStatutory duties
Active conductCriminal liabilityLawful excuse
Protection from criminal responsibility
Discretion to discloseDuty to discloseNon-consensual disclosure
DisclosurePrivilege
ComplaintsRequest by third party
ExceptionsHealth Information Privacy Code 1994Patient confidentiality
Development
DefinitionEmergency powersInternational law
QuarantineRadiation
Prioritisation
Legislation
Administration of vaccinesNational Immunisation Register
AlcoholControlled drugsFood and nutritionGamblingPsychoactive drugsTobaccoRegulation
Risk assessment
AccessEquity
ChildrenNational Cervical Screening Programme
GroundsOffencesRegulation
Artificial inseminationEthics
Access to informationAccess to servicesCollection and storage of informationConscientious objectionIn vitro fertilisationInformed consent
PurposeScopePosthumous conceptionStatus of children
Birth
ContraceptionSterilisationHuman reproductive research
As personAs propertyLegal status
'Born alive' ruleLegal status
Legal status
Legal status of stillborn child
EnforceabilityInternational surrogacyStatus and welfare of the child
Waste disposal
DrainageRacesStormwaterSupply
Human Rights Commission
JurisdictionPowers
Complaints
Investigation
Damages
Affirmative actionGood reason
Human rights mediation
ProcedureSettlement
IndirectEducational establishments
Insurance
AgeDisabilityFamily statusIn employmentRemedies
RacialSexual
Powers
Civil and political rightsEconomic, social and cultural rightsInternational criminal lawInternational humanitarian law
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or PunishmentConvention and Protocol Relating to the Status of RefugeesConvention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against WomenConvention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesGeneva conventionsILO conventionsInternational Convention for the Elimination of Racial DiscriminationInternational Covenant on Civil and Political RightsInternational Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural RightsUnited Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous PeoplesUniversal Declaration of Human Rights
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Habeas corpusImprisonment
Common lawLegal rightsNatural rightsReasonable limitationsRacial disharmony
DeportationNational security
National security
Cancellation
Persecution
Non-refoulement
RegulationCommencement
CreditorsIndividualInsolvent bodySecured creditorTransactionCross-border insolvency
Compromises with creditorsPrioritiesSecured debtsSet offInformal arrangementsInsolvency Practitioners
Claims by secured creditorsClaims by unsecured creditorsClaims for unascertained amountsClaims in foreign currenciesCostsFuture debtsGuarantees
Netting agreementsInterest on claimsLeasesTrade discounts
Court ordered appointment of liquidatorVoluntary appointment of liquidator
Application made by companyApplication made by Registrar of CompaniesApplications made by creditorsApplications made by directors, shareholders and entitled personsApplications to stay or restrain proceedingsCompany unable to pay debtsExecution of judgment debt returned unsatisfiedFailure to comply with statutory demandJust and equitable that company be put into liquidationPersistent or serious failure to comply with ActProviding Registrar with inaccurate information
Public TrustPari passu principleSurplus assets
Inadmissible claimsInterim liquidators
Conceal or remove property of companyDestroy, conceal or remove records or documents of companyLeave New Zealand with intention of avoiding complianceLeave New Zealand with intention of avoiding examinationLeave New Zealand with intention of avoiding payment
Phoenix companies
Distribution of surplus assets
Company unable to pay due debtsOrdinary course of businessOrdinary course of business
Court discretion to make other ordersSecurities and chargesThird party protectionTransactions at an undervalueTransactions for inadequate or excessive consideration
By resolution of board of directorsBy resolution of creditors at watershed meetingBy special resolution of shareholdersVoluntary liquidation
Court appointedCourt appointmentPrivate appointmentQualificationsReceiver's dutiesReceiver's powersRemuneration and indemnitiesVacanciesTermination or limitation of receivership
AdministrationCreditor interestsCreditors' remediesTermination of liquidation
Advisory committeesAssociated personsCommencement by Order in CouncilCrown appointed statutory managerEffect of statutory managementEffect of statutory mangement
Grounds to declare statutatory management over corporationsGrounds to declare statutory management over corporationsStatutory manager's dutiesStatutory manager's indemnityStatutory manager's powersTermination of appointment of statutory managerTermination of statutory management
Associated personCommencement by Order in CouncilCrown appointed statutory manager of a licensed insurerDuties of statutory manager of licensed insurerPowers of statutory manager of licensed insurerProtection from liability
Grounds to declare statutory management over licensed insurerTermination of statutory management of a licensed insurer
Advisory committeesAssociated personsCommencement by Order in CouncilDuties of statutory manager of a registered bankEffect of statutory managementPowers of statutory manager of a registered bankProtection from liability
Grounds to declare statutory management over a registered bankTermination of appointment
Termination of statutory management of a registered bank
Role of Reserve Bank
Insolvent trusteesVoidable preferencesVoluntary administration
Duty of disclosureLiabilitiesRegulation
Authority
BrokersUnderwriting agents
Rights and powers
Proximate cause
Breach
Notice provisions
ContributionDate of accrual of action
ArbitrationFraudulent claims
LateMistakenProof of lossRectificationReinstatementSettlementsSubrogation
Commencement of coverDouble insurance
Extension
ConsequentialExcludedIncludedLiabilityMeasureMitigationSuccessiveTypes
Increase of risk
War
ScopeTemporary cover
ClaimsCoverFidelity funds
DutiesLicensingRegulationReinsurersRights and powers
AssignmentConditions precedent
Definitions
Material factsWaiver by insurerExclusionary provisionsIllegality
Materiality
CompositeJointThird partiesRenewalTerminationValuationWarranties
AmountNon-paymentReturn of premiums
AverageBettermentInsurable interest
RemediesDurationMaterial facts
Offences
Marine
Accident (see Accident compensation)FinancialHealth
ProductProfessionalLifeMarineMotor vehicle
Natural disastersReinsurance
Author
Originality
DurationOwnership
Artistic works
DurationCrown copyright
BroadcastsDefencesGenerallyOffencesPirated copyRemediesProduct marking
Application
CancellationDurationRenewalRestoration
Novelty
DefencesTests
Protection of interestsGeographical indications
Creation of interests
Creation of interests
DefencesExceptions
AssignmentLicences
Exclusive
OppositionRequirementsCertification trade marksCollective trade marks
AbsoluteRelativeValidity
Defences
Duration
Grounds
AppealsOppositionRefusals
AmendmentWho may apply
Foreign patents
AmendmentDurationRenewalRevocationInternational agreements
Novelty
Regulation
DefencesRemediesTestsLicensing
Types
Unauthorised use
DurationRequirements
ExceptionsLicensing
Principles
Access to registersAdministration of schemesAmendment of registerEffect of registrationFalsification of RegisterMaintenance of registers
Protection of interests
Creation of interestsProtection of interests
Assignment
Customary law
Immunity
Doctrine of sovereignty
ContractsJurisdictionPropertyRecognition of judgments and awardsConvenience of forumEnforcement of judgmentsJurisdictionRecognition of judgments and awards
Sources
Act of state doctrine
Acts of stateJuristic personalityTerritoryTerrorism
Incorporation into domestic lawInternational Covenant on Civil and Political RightsInterpretationUN Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesUN Convention on the Rights of the ChildUniversal Declaration of Human Rights
Club licenceOff-licenceOn-licenceSpecial licence
Licensing trustsOffences
Airport authoritiesAuckland CouncilBoundariesChief executiveCommunity boardsCouncil-controlled organisationsHarbour boardsLocal authoritiesMayorMinister of Local GovernmentOmbudsmenRegional authoritiesTerritorial authoritiesAssets
Annual planDistrict valuation rollDog registerLong-term plan
Enforcement
ProsecutionValidity
Building
Community well-beingConsultationPower of general competenceTreaty of WaitangiDelegation
Public registers
Water charges
Maori wardsRecount of votes
AuditBorrowingChargesFundingRevenueSecuritiesSubsidies and grants
CommercialIndustrialResidentialLease
Compulsory acquisitionSubdivisionValuation
Judicial reviewLiability
FunctionsPowers
MinutesStanding ordersWhether open to public
DisclosureDisqualificationInterestsLiability
BiosecurityBuilding controlCamp groundsCivil defenceConservation
RegistrationHousingInformation centresLibraries and museumsLicensingParkingPassenger transportPublic entertainment
Destruction of suffering or worthless stockDisposalPoundage fees and charges
DutiesLiabilityRangers
Proceeds of saleTemporary pound
RoadsWaste disposalWastewaterWater supply
CriteriaImplementationProposalsReviewRevenue
Waste management
CompensationConsultation
Allocation of assetsCustomary rightsQuotasForests (see also Environment and natural resources - Conservation)
Settlement
Jurisdiction
Customary titleFiduciary obligationsFreehold
Appointment of liquidatorLiquidation
Maori Land Court
CrownFreeholdTransferTrustsValuation
Maori customary law
Hui runanga
RangatiratangaTapu and NoaUtuWhakapapaWhanaungatanga
Promotion of language and culture
PrinciplesSettlement
JurisdictionReports
Water
Priority claim
Priority claimHealth and safetyJurisdiction
Bill of ladingCollisionsFerries and puntsHarbours
Insurable interest
Assignment
Lloyd's SG policy
Voyage policies
Masters and officersPollution
Maritime lienMortgagePossessory lienTransferRegistration
CostsShipsTowageTowingWrecks
Advertising Standards Authority
JurisdictionPowers
Advertising
Rights
Public interest
Political broadcastsProgramme classification
ChildrenPrinciples
Publication likely to be injurious to the public goodReviewSubmission
Objectionable publications
EthicsFreedom of the pressGuidelinesProtection of sources
ContemptCopyrightDefamationDigital
Harmful digital communications
Harmful digital communication
In-Court media coverage
Harmful digital communications
Powers
Children and young peopleComplaintsPrivacy
Take-down ordersPrint media
Privacy
Assessment examination
Exclusionary provisionsDanger to health and safety of others
Diminished capacity for self-careSerious danger
Disorders of mood, perception, volition, or cognition
ContinuousIntermittentHead injury
Parens patriae
Enduring power of attorneyEnduring powers of attorneyJurisdictionPersonal ordersProperty managerProperty ordersService of proceedings
Medical treatment
Judicial inquiryProcedure
Review of patient's statusSpecial patient status
AppropriatenessCommunity treatment order
Availability of community servicesExamination by judge
ExtensionReview of patient's statusJurisdiction
CapacityJudicial examinationPrincipal caregiver
BankruptcyCourt order
LiabilitiesFormation
Deregistration
LiabilitiesManagementLimited partnersOverseas limited partnershipsRegistration
Liabilities
Fiduciary relationship
Special partnerships
Management
ConfinementEducationEmploymentProgrammesRightsSelf-care units
Between institutionsTreatment
Conditions of serviceOffences
BreachDetention of propertyEntering premisesSearch and seizure
Vermin and weedsDairyDevelopment
LegislationForestryIntensive farming
Branding and earmarkingDockingImpoundingPig ringsStock routesTravelling stock
Export
BreachCommuncationsCommunicationsCompeting interests
Public interest
ProcedureInformation matching
Application
Remedies
News activity
Legislation
Refusal
PurposeCorrectionsDefinitions
Threat to public
RefusedStorage and securityUnique identifiers
AccessCollectionCorrectionDisclosureStorageRemedies
ComplaintsMonitoring legislation and policyOversee information matchingPublic registers
Public register privacy principlesScope
Fiduciary duties
Powers and dutiesEthicsFinancial and related professions
Qualifications and admissionSolicitor and client
Disciplinary ordersMisconductUnsatisfactory conduct
To clientTo Court
Liability for costsUndertakings
Practicing certificates
Recognition of overseas qualificationsReadmission
Contingency feesCounsel's fees
Barristers
Chinese walls
Full disclosure
RelationshipRetainer
Trust accounts
Professional indemnity
Complaints and disciplineDoctorsDuties
Qualification and registrationPractising certificatesPsychiatrists
Body of opinion
Prohibited or restricted tradesReal estate agents
By profession
Code of conductMedicines
Choses in action
By baileeDefinitionDocumentary IntangiblesGeneral intangibles
EquipmentShips
FindersJointRights arising from
Charge
Collateral
CollateralPriorityRegistration
Access rights
ChangeFencingCharterparties
Compensation
E-dealingCrown landEasementsEjectment
CaveatsRestrictive covenants
AnnexationDefinitionEffect of affixationRemovalTenant fixtures
Beneficial interestsLease
ExpressImpliedLien
RedemptionPartitionPossessionRates
Procedures
CreationDevelopmentProtectionUse
Breach
ChargeSurveying
Abandoned propertyCross leaseJointRegistrationStrata and related titlesTransferUnit titles
LimitationsPrivate rights
MethodsObjections and appeals
Capital valueValuers
BoatingClubs and societies
Community centresHistoric placesSwimming baths
LocalRegional
Churches and religious associations
Account of profits
CalculationChange of position
Assessment
Accounting for profits
Loss of a chanceTime of assessment
Intervening forceProof
AggravatedCompensatoryExemplaryLiquidated
DeterrentNominalRestitutionary
Loss
Damage to chattelsQuantumRemotenessTaxation
Declaration
Court supervisionJudgment
Affecting activitiesAffecting property
AssetsThird parties
Balance of convenienceOverall justice of caseSerious question to be tried
MandatoryPermanentQuia timetUndertakings
PrinciplesRectification
AssessmentDisgorgementSet-off
Undue hardshipStatutory
CommercialControlledEconomicExistingPermitted
Marine area
To air
Marine area
To water
Competing applicationsNotificationComplianceConditions
International treaty obligations
NoiseOdours
Coastal
AirContaminantsWaterLand useMarine farmingProposal of national significanceSubdivisionWater
Designations
Archaeological siteCulturalHeritage valueNatural
Environmental mediationHigh CourtMinister for the EnvironmentRegional Council
Conservation estateRegulation
ContaminantsInfringement offenceProsecution
Marine areaNZ coastal policy statement
Change or variationReviewRulesPolicies
Change or variationRegional policy statementReview
Avoid remedy mitigateEfficient use and developmentKaitiakitangaPrivate v public interestSustainable managementProcedure
Safety
Abatement noticeDeclarationEnforcement orderRoads, traffic, and transport
ClassificationConservation orderDischargePermitQualityTake and use
Ownership
Email
HardwareComputer crime
Authorised usersEncryption
AccessPersonal dataStorage
Cyber-squatting
Disputes
Liability
Blogs
KeywordsSocial networking
Development
Balancing private and public
Research and development
Ethics
Grounds
Without convictionDiversion
Programmes
FinesImprisonmentNon-association order
Reports
Disputed factsPre-sentence reports
RehabilitationRestorative justice
Maximum sentence
Victim impact statement
Sexual offences
Accommodation supplementAdvance payment of benefitChild disability allowanceDisability allowanceRecoverable assistance programmeSpecial needs grant
AccessibilityBenefits Review CommitteeSocial Security Appeal Authority
Change in circumstancesDisentitlement
AgeEmergency benefitFamily benefitHardshipIndependent youth benefitMeans testingOrphans' benefitResidence
Relationship in the nature of marriageStudent allowancesSuperannuationTemporary additional support (formerly Special benefit)Unsupported child's benefit
Veteran's pensionWork testing
Data matching
Recovery
Reduction, suspension or cancellation
Dependent children
Exceptions
Definitions
Discretion
AdminstrationMaoriPurpose
Maori
Dissolution
Legal action
International law
Context
PurposeTransitional provisionsTransititional provisions
Gap in legislationSpecial purpose legislation
Definitions
Financial reporting standards
Income tax rates
Choice principle
AdvantagesDisadvantagesIncentive provisionsIncome splitting
E-commerceTax systems and tax competition
Inland RevenueExportingImporting
Inland Revenue
Judicial reviewProcedureElectronic lodgement
Absolute liabilityEmployees and officersEvasionFailure to file returnsInterestKnowledge offencesLate payment penaltiesObstructionShortfall penaltiesReturns
Binding rulingsCourtsTax legislation
Incorrect expert adviceTerminal tax
Customs dutyEstate and gift dutyStamp duty
AustralianEmissions Trading Scheme developmentsConcepts and history
Environmental Restoration Account (ERA)FutureGlobal contextTax deductibility
Emissions Trading Scheme
AdministrationAttributed fringe benefitsEmployment / other arrangementsExclusionsImpositionInsurance and superannuationInteraction with other regimesLow-interest loansMotor vehiclesSubsidised transportTax ratesTaxable valueUnclassified benefits
ApportionmentConsiderationDeemed supplyDisputes and challenges proceduresDoor-to-door and layby salesElectronic supplies
Bitcoin and crypto-currenciesExcise duty
Commercial dwelling
Four-week ruleResidential rentalsRest homes
Exempt supplyExemptionsFinancial servicesFringe benefitsGamblingGoing concernGovernment activityInput taxInsurance payments on claimsMarketplacesOutput taxPlace of supplyRemote servicesSale and purchase agreementSecondhand goodsSecondhand goods creditSupplyTaxable activityTaxable supplyTime of supplyValuationWarranty agreementZero rating
Exported goods
Anti-avoidance rules
Power of recoveryPower to gather informationPower to investigate
Knowledge offences
Amalgamated companiesBodies corporateBranches and divisionsCancellationDeemed registrationDeregistrationGroup of companiesGroups of companiesGroups of personsLiabiity of liquidators, agents, mortgagee salesLiquidators, receivers or agentsMarketplace operatorNon-profit bodiesNon-resident businessesNon-resident offshore supplierPersonal representativesRegistered person
PartnershipsTrustsUnregistered personVoluntary registration
Accounting basisAdjustmentsCredit and debit notesInvoicesLiability of liquidators, agents, mortgagee salesPayment basisTaxable periods
Accounting basisAdjustmentsCredit and debit notesDeductionsHybrid basisInvoicesLiability of liquidators, agents, mortgagee salesMixed use assetsPayment basisRecordsReverse chargeTaxable periods
Agents and auctioneersAssociated personsBranches and divisionsCompensation paymentsCredit contractsDebt recoveriesEmissions unitsImported goodsImported servicesInsuranceMixed-use assetsMortgagee salesReverse chargeSale of donated goods and servicesTrustsUnconditional giftsTaxable activity
Death dutyLand taxSales tax
Dividends
Charities
Deductions and rebatesExclusions from income
KiwiSaver government contributionsLoss offsetsLossesPayments to business vendors for restraint of tradeReimbursement payments
Disposal and transferDistinction between income and capital
Banking
Payments for restraint of trade
Disposal of farm assets
CapitalDividendsFinancial arrangement incomeForeign sourced incomeForeign-sourced incomeHobbiesHonorariaIllegal activities
Land transactionsPersonal property transactionsInducement paymentsInsuranceLand transactionsPersonal Property transactions
EntertainersSportspeopleProfitsReligious activitiesRoyaltiesSale of livestockSale of timber and timber rightsSchedular paymentsShare tradingStudent loans
Disposal and transferExcepted financial arrangements and exclusionsLow-turnover tradersValuation
Compensation PaymentInducement paymentRedundancy paymentsSchedular payments
Foreign-sourced income
AgentsAssociated persons
Categories of companiesContract workersContractor workersEmployeesInvestorsNon-residentsPartners and partnershipsShareholdersTrustsUnincorporated bodies
Anti-avoidance provisionBad debts
DepreciationForestry costs
Business cessation expensesBusiness preparation expensesFarm expensesLegalVehicles
Capital Gains
Bad debts
Land transaction
Land transactionsPersonal Property transactionsProfits
Compensation payment
Accruals
ConceptsHistoryLegislationTax benefitsWith international purposeConsolidation rules
Adjustments on disposalDepreciation claw back
Anti-avoidance provisionsBase price adjustmentCash basis personDeterminationsExcepted financial arrangementsFinancial arrangement definitionForeign exchange variationsSpreading methodsForeign investor tax credit (FITC) regimeFringe benefit tax (FBT) rulesImputation rulesIncome equalisation schemes
Approved issuer levy (AIL) regime
Control tests
Non-portfolio FIFsForeign investor tax credit (FITC) regimeForeign tax creditsNon-resident transport operatorsSource rulesTransfer pricing rules
International taxation rulesLivestock valuation rulesLook-through companies rulesLook-through company rulesNon-resident withholding (NRWT) tax rulesNon-resident withholding tax (NRWT) rules
Limited partnershipsSpecial partnershipsPay-as-you-earn (PAYE) rules
Refunds
Provisional tax rulesQualifying and loss attributing qualifying companies rulesResident withholding tax (RWT) rules
Family scheme creditsSocial welfare benefits
Business incomeContractsDividendsEmployment incomeInterestPensions and annuitiesReal property incomeRoyalties
Controlled foreign companies
Controlled foreign companies
Charitable trustsDeceased estatesCharitable trustsInternational trust regime
Partners and partnershipsTrustsUnincorporated bodies
Commentary
Foreign tax credits
International tax planningJurisprudenceSuperannuationTax havens
NegativeProgressiveProportionalRegressive
Definitions and descriptionsPrinciplesPurposeSources of law
ApplicationsBond payments
Enforcement of house rulesFacilities in a reasonable state of cleanlinessHouse rules and fire evacuation proceduresTenant access to other facilitiesTenant access to room, toilet and bathroom facilitiesBuildings, health, and safety requirementsLegal impediment to occupationLocks, keys and securityLodgement of bondNotice of entryOutgoingsReasonable peace, comfort, or privacy of tenantReasonable state of cleanlinessReasonable state of repairReceipt for rent or bondReceipts for rentSmoke alarms
Right of entry
Right of entry
FunctionsImmunityInspectionPowersProceedings
Exclusions
ContemptDisclosure of information by Tenancy MediatorFailure to give rent or bond receiptFailure to give rent receiptFailure to keep proper business recordsFailure to lodge a bondRequiring bond exceeding maximum allowableRequiring key moneyRequiring rent more than two weeks in advanceRequiring security
Assignment
Mitigation of loss
AbandonmentDeath of sole tenantImmediate terminationTermination with notice
Notice of termination
BondContentDiscriminationEnforceabilityInsuranceKey moneyLeaseMinors
Notice of rent increaseRenewal
Accelerated rent, damages or penaltyAdvancesApportionmentGoodsIncreasesMarket rentMoneyReceiptsServices
Housing New ZealandSublettingTerminationVariation
Applications
AppealImmunityJurisdiction
AttachmentCostsDisposal of goodsEnforcementInterim ordersMarket rentMoneyPossessionReduction of rentRehearingRestrainingUnlawful actsWork order
Application
EvidencePartiesRepresentationStay of proceedingsWitnessesNoticeRegistrarServiceStay of proceedingsTenancy AdjudicatorWitness summons
RecordsTenancy Adjudicator
Deputy Principal Tenancy AdjudicatorImmunity
Practice directionsQualificationsRemoval
ConfidentialityDutiesFunctionsPowersReportsSettlement
FixturesQuiet enjoyment
Observe house rulesFixturesFixtures, renovations and alterationsIntentional or careless damage, or permitting others to damage premisesMeans of escape from fireNotify landlord of damage or need for repairsNumber of occupantsOccupation for residential purposesOutgoingsPay rent when dueReasonable peace, comfort, or privacy of landlord's other tenants or neighboursReasonably clean and reasonably tidySmoke alarms
Chattels provided by landlordGoodsKeys and security or pass cardsQuit the premisesReasonably clean and reasonably tidyUse of premises for unlawful purpose
Boarding housePay rent when dueReasonable peace, comfort, or privacy of landlord's other tenants or neighbours
Reasonably clean and reasonably tidy
Terminate tenancy with 48 hour noticeQuiet enjoymentVacant possession
Abuse of process
Commercial interest
Maintenance and champertyMalicious civil proceedingsMalicious prosecution
Confidential informationDefencesObligation of confidenceUnauthorised use of information
Statutory intent
Contributory negligenceCrown Proceedings Act 1950Volenti non fit injuria
But-for testLoss of a chanceMultiple causesProof of riskIntervening causes
DefencesRemedies
Loss
Knowledge of falsityReckless as to truth
ActualIntended
Actions
ConsentFair commentHonest opinion
Judicial proceedingsParliamentaryQualified
Truth
Extrinsic factsReasonable person testLibel and slander
AuthorisedInnocent disseminationMeaning
InternetMultiple publicationsProof
Internet Service Providers
Correction
AssessmentReduction for mitigationDeclarationInjunctionsRetraction and reply
ContextInnuendoNatural and ordinary meaningReference to plaintiff
Assumption of riskConsent
ApportionmentExclusion of liabilityIllegalityJustificationNecessityStatutory power or duty
Breach of duty
Economic loss
False statementMalicious intentPublicationInterference with business relationsInterference with contractual relations
Defences
False associationsNames and marks
CrownDetermination
Diplomatic
Contribution proceedingsJoint tortfeasorsSeveral tortfeasors
AgencyContractorsEmployeePartners
Conduct in exercise of public officeDamageIntention to injureKnowlege of unlawful and harmful conductPublic law compensationPublic officer
ForeseeabilityRemotenessBreach of duty of care
Physical injuryTo property
Burden of precautionsGravity of riskPolicyProximityEconomic or financial loss
Recognisable psychiatric injury
CapacityReasonable person testSkilled person
ControlPublic bodies
Negligent misstatement
Medical negligence
BurdenRes ipsa loquiturStandard of proof
Fire
Statutory power or duty
Strict
Use and enjoyment
Special damage
Abatement
Assessment
Quia timet injunctions
Duty of carePolicyProximity of lossRelationship to contract
Disclosure of personal informationIntrusion on seclusion, solitude, or private affairs
Expectation of privacyHighly offensive publicityLegitimate public concern
IntellectualPersonalReputation
Account of profits
Assessment
Aggravated
ExemplaryQuantumRemoteness
DeclarationInjunctionRestitutionSelf-help
Wrongful interference
LicenceRecaption of chattelsDefinition of land
Reasonable force
Possession of land
AssaultBattery
Defence of person and propertyDetention and treatment of mentally disordered personsExecution of sentence, process, or warrantLawful arrest and detentionFalse imprisonmentHarassmentRule in Wilkinson v Downton
Demand and refusalPossession or right to possession
DamagesSpecific restitution
Waiver
Invasion of privacy
Abuse of dominant position
Dominant position in a market
behaviourAuthorisations and clearancesMarket dominancePenalties
Dominant position in a marketPrice fixing
Acceptable qualityFitness for purposeRemedies
Consumer information
In tradeLimitation periodPenaltiesProduct safety
False or misleading representations
AdvertisingAffliationConduct liable to misleadPricingTrade namesUnfair contract terms
Damages
Regulation
Discrimination
Restrictive trade practices
Passenger services
OperatorsPurposesOffencesOffences and penalties
Public operators
Passenger services
AccessAlterationClosureConstruction, maintenance and repairStoppingStructures
AgenciesLand Transport Safety Authority
Grounds
DefencesKnowledge
Knowledge
Accounting for profitsConstructive trustDamagesEquitable compensationInterest
Apportionment
Loss-minimising rulesTaxation
Alter ego trusts
Institutional constructive trustsRemedial constructive trustsExecuted and executory trusts
Constituted trustsFamily trustsInter vivosTestamentary trustsImplied trusts
Apparent gifts
Rebuttal of presumption
Elements
ElementsTrading trusts
Certainty of intentionCertainty of objects or beneficiariesCertainty of subject-matter
Writing
Intention
Interpretation
Beneficiaries under a disability
VariationPrivate trustsPurpose trusts
Access information
Rule against remoteness of vestingRule against restrictions on alienation
GenerallySpecial casesRegulation
Family arrangementsResettlementTermination
IndemnitiesTrust creditorsTrust debts
AcceptanceAppointmentDisclaimerDismissal, retirement or removal
AccountsAct in beneficiaries' best interestsActs of co-trusteesAdherence to trust termsBreach of trustDelegation of dutiesDuty not to profitExemption clausesFiduciary dutiesImpartiality between beneficiariesInvestment of trust property
Exercise of discretionary powers
Liability of trustee
IndemnityInsuranceMaintenance and advancementTo carry on business
Corporate trusteesProfessional trusteesTrustee de son tortVesting
Beneficiary consent
Cy-pres modificationStatutoryTrust deed
Limits
GenerationRetailing
Fire service
RetailingHospitalsRoadsWater
Execution
Proceedings against
Fiduciary dutiesTitle and estate
Variation of trust settlement
Probate and letters of administrationRectification
Soundness of mind
Joint and mutual willsUndue influence
Elements
Alternative action/diversion